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Chernow, Ron. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Penguin Books, 2004.

Cunningham Noble E. Jefferson vs. Hamilton: Confrontations that Shaped a Nation. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2000.

Read, James H. Power vs. Liberty: Madison, Hamilton, Wilson and Jefferson. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2000.


Davies, Phil. "The Bank that Hamilton Built." The Region, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Sept. 2007.

Shapiro, Gary. "Hamiltonians, Jeffersonians Face Off." New YorkSun. 1/10/2005.

Wu, Chieh. "What is Americanism?" [PDF]

Web Resources

Alexander Hamilton. PBS, American Experience.

History of Central Banking, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.

You decide: Who had the more enduring vision for the United States Thomas Jefferson or Alexander Hamilton? A Biography of America.

Jefferson vs. Hamilton on the Constitutionality of the National Bank

United States History: Hamilton vs. Jefferson