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Bernstein, William J. The Birth of Plenty: How the Prosperity of the Modern World Was Created. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004.

Bruton, Henry J. On the Search for Well-Being. Chicago: University of Michigan Press, 1997.

Cohen, Daniel. The Wealth of the World and the Poverty of Nation.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998.

De Soto, Hernando. The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Diamond, Jared. Guns Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: W. W. Norton, 1999 .

Easterly, William. The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists' Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002.

Harrison, Lawrence E. Who Prospers?: How Cultural Values Shape Economic and Political Success. New York: Basic Books, 1992.

Harrison, Lawrence E., and Samuel P. Huntington, eds. Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Krugman, Paul. Development, Geography and Economic Theory. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995.

Landes, David S. The Wealth and Poverty of Nations. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998.

Mokyr, Joel. The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Ruttan, Vernon W. Technology, Growth, and Development. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Sen, Amartya K. Development as Freedom. New York: Doubleday, 1999.

Stiglitz, Joseph E. Globalization and Its Discontents. New York: W. W. Norton, 2003.


"An Invaluable Environment." The Economist April 16, 1998
[measuring national wealth adjusting for pollution and depleted resources]

Coy, Peter. "Why The World's Poor Stay That Way." Businessweek Nov. 13, 2000. [Book review/synopsis: The Mystery of Capital]

Dasgupta, Partha. "Economic Development, Environmental Degradation, and the Persistence of Deprivation in Poor Countries." Unpublished Lecture (2002): 1-12.

Dasgupta, Partha. "World Poverty: Causes and Pathways." World Bank Conference on Development Economics2003 (Washington, DC: World Bank 2004): 1-44 [PDF]

Engardio, Pete. "Poor Nations Can't Live By Markets Alone." BusinessWeek July 16, 2003.

Farrell, Chris. "Spreading the Modern World's Bounty." BusinessWeek Dec. 8, 2000. [Free trade and open borders hold the key to helping poor countries create wealth]

"Free To Be Poor." The Economist Sept. 9, 1999.
[Few poor countries have managed to catch up with the West—or even to narrow the gap]

"Grinding the Poor." The Economist Sept. 27, 2001
[Does globalization especially hurt poor workers in the developing countries?]

"Let Them Eat More." The Economist July 12, 2001
[Technology and innovation can help the poor as much as the rich]

Lucas, Robert E. "The Industrial Revolution: Past and Future."
The Region,
May 2004: 4-22.

Miller, Preston J. and James A. Schmitz. "Breaking Down the Barriers to Technological Progress." The Region March 1997.

"No Title." The Economist Mar. 29, 2001.
[Giving the poor proper title to what they own]

Romer, Paul. "Beyond Classical and Keynesian Macroeconomic Policy." Stanford University, Policy Options (July-August, 1994).

Sachs, Jeffrey. "Helping the World's Poor." The Economist
Aug. 12, 1999.

Sachs, Jeffrey D. "Nature, Nurture, and Growth."
The Economist
June 14, 1997: 19.
[Jeffrey Sachs argues that globalization increases the challenge of coping with those countries dealt a weak hand by geography.]

Sachs, Jeffrey and Andrew Warner. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration". Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (1995). 1:1-95.

Sen, Amartya K. "Freedoms and Needs." The New Republic Jan. 10-17, 1994: 31-38.

Stern, Gary. "Economic Growth: A Framework for Discussion."
The Region
Sept. 1996.

"The Poor's Best Hope." The Economist, June 20, 2002.

Working Papers

Sachs, Jeffrey D. "Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income." NBER Working Paper No.9409, Feb. 2003.

Web Sites

World Bank

Internet Resources for Economists

CIA World Factbook